Specialists in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery speak of immediately loaded implants placed in implantology when the dental prosthesis at the same time when dental implants are installed.
What is dental implants
Dental implants are titanium devices that are placed in the maxilla and / or mandible to replace the roots of lost teeth. These implants be subject a dental prosthesis.
The dental implant treatment has two parts. First, the oral surgeon installs through a small intervention, the titanium fixture within the bone. After intervention begins a biological process called osseointegration, defined as functional and structural direct connection between the dental implant and the surrounding bone. In the early years of modern implantology with that concept in mind, it was established that the wait between the installation of implants and prosthesis should be between three and six months. It elapsed this waiting time, the crown on the implant is placed and fixed in the jawbone. Classical protocols have changed in recent years, looking shorten osseointegration.
Immediate loading dental implants
Immediate loading of dental implants allows in just over four hours to restore aesthetics and function of the patient. In general, this procedure is performed under intravenous sedation, which allows the patient to be relaxed and indifferent to the environment, in a situation of comfort, and without following the intervention remember much of it.
First, teeth extractions are performed, then the remaining bone remodeling into which to place dental implants. It is important to obtain a uniform platform bone. The third step is installing dental implants in the jawbone or jaw (between six and eight depending on the patient) and will anchor the dental prosthesis.
In the last stage of the procedure, the dental prosthesis is fixed on the implants. This prosthesis is fixed preplanned by the dentist and lab technician, and during surgery requires only minor adjustments.
With this technique the patient leaves the office with a new smile. The patient will take this provisional prosthesis for about three months, at which point it will be drawn up and install the final prosthesis.
Patients eligible for immediate loading dental implants
Immediate load implants are not a universal procedure. It is necessary that the patient meets a series of conditions for the treatment to be viable and successful. • healthy patient without systemic disease uncontrolled
- Patient collaborator with good oral hygiene habits, and understands the technique is applied
- jawbone with a suitable bone volume in the three dimensions of space
- sufficient bone quality
- Absence of bone diseases
- Absence of parafunctional habits: bruxism
It is also essential to have:
- An implant having a suitable surface morphology and
- A surgeon who knows and perform the technique properly and with minimal damage to tissues.
- An expert dentist implant prostheses
- A laboratory technician experienced immediate loading.
Why dental implants immediately loaded?
The patient receiving treatment with immediate loading dental implants restores esthetics and function in a few hours and can resume normal activity shortly. Moreover, not being any time without teeth, no image problems related to self-esteem or edentulism.