Hearing loss is the decrease in hearing ability , that is, more decibels are needed to hear the same thing as a person with normal hearing.. Its causes are several, although we can group them into three large groups: 1) The hearing loss of perception, which are those that affect the auditory nerve and its derivations in the central nervous system. 2) The transmission hearing loss, in which the nervous system is undamaged but some part of the mechanism that transmits the sound to the auditory nerve and its derivations fails and 3) Mixed, in which both types are mixed.
Symptoms of hearing loss
Symptoms of hearing loss generally affect two qualities: hearing and understanding. That is, the person does not hear normal intensities, but above all does not understand the words, even though they are spoken at high intensities. In addition, other symptoms such as the presence of ear noises ( Tinnitus ), disturbances of balance, headaches, pains, problems of social adaptation or alterations in language in the case of children can be added ...
Treatment of hearing loss
The treatment can be of 4 types: medical, surgical, prosthetic (using conventional or surgically implantable hearing aids) and / or rehabilitator , either individually or in combination, depending on each problem. The specialist in Hearing is the Otorhinolaryngologist and he will be in charge of defining the most appropriate therapeutic strategy in each case, always from the perspective of the individualization of each situation, and defining the time and the way in which they can or should be combined said 4 therapeutic modes.