Hearing loss

Written by: Dr. Juan Luis Quesada Martínez
Edited by: Top Doctors®

There are different levels of hearing loss. In this way, a person with a hearing impairment of this type may be able to hear certain sounds or, conversely, hear nothing at all.. Exposure to loud noises, hereditary conditions, complications derived from the use of medications or infectious diseases are factors that favor the development of hearing loss. An early diagnosis is essential to apply the appropriate treatment and prevent the patient from getting worse and the hearing loss becomes worse.


Hearing loss is a hearing loss of variable intensity. In addition to the hearing loss itself, it can be accompanied by tinnitus (noise in the ears), vertigo, otorrhea (suppuration) and otalgia (earache).


Causes of hearing loss

The causes of hearing loss are varied, although they could be classified into two large groups. Driving and sensorineural hearing loss. In the former the problem is in the transmission of sound to the inner ear and in the neurosensory the problem lies in the inner ear.

Among the most frequent causes that lead to a hearing loss are the wax plugs, perforations of the eardrum and the functioning problems of the middle ear bones.

As for the causes of sensorineural hearing loss we find hearing loss due to age, sound traumas among others.


Treatment by surgery

When there is a driving hearing loss the option of surgery is usually the most appropriate. In cases of sensorineural hearing loss whenever the patient does not tolerate or does not want a hearing aid (hearing aid) there is the option of surgery to place a device in the middle or inner ear that improves hearing.

As we see, depending on the type of hearing loss the surgical treatment allows to improve the auditory capacity of patients. In the case of total deafness, a cochlear implant must be made, which will convert the auditory signals into electrical signals that stimulate the hearing nerves.

The diagnosis is fundamental. The tests should be done as soon as possible so that the hearing problem does not get worse and in the case of children, does not affect their learning .




*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Juan Luis Quesada Martínez

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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