Hyperhidrosis is the excess of sweating. Sweat is one of the most important ways by which the body is able to release heat. However, people with hyperhidrosis produce sweat in amounts much larger than necessary to control their body temperature. It affects around 1-2% of the population.
There are two types of hyperhidrosis: focal and generalized. The focal hyperhidrosis affects the feet, palms and armpits, and is the most frequent way. Botox treatment is indicated in cases of excessive focal sweating when other treatments such as antiperspirants have not been effective. In the case of generalized hyperhidrosis, it affects the entire body surface, and is usually caused by the existence of another disease such as an infection, diabetes or thyroid diseases.
Causes and symptoms of hyperhidrosis
Hyperhidrosis is caused by an exaggerated activity of the sweat glands , which are found in almost the entire body surface. There are also certain factors that trigger sweat, such as exercise, cold and heat, alcohol, coffee, tea, tobacco, etc., as well as stress or anxiety.
Regarding the symptoms, an indicative is the increase in sweating in armpits and palms and planting. The excess of humidity of local form favors the superinfection by bacteria and fungi, that in addition favors the appearance of dermatitis or local irritative eczema. This excess of sweating affects the quality of life of those affected in an important way, causing dysfunctions in personal and work relationships, and in many cases, causing a lack of self-esteem and depression .
Treatment of hyperhidrosis
There are several therapeutic options for the treatment of the disease, such as antiperspirants, iontophoresis, surgery or injections of botulinum toxin.
Iontophoresis is a non-surgical treatment that allows, through water, to block ducts of the sweat glands locally. Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy is a surgical method that interrupts the signal from the nerves of the spinal column to the sweat glands, which prevents these glands from producing sweat. Botulinum toxin , in turn, acts by blocking the nerve endings that stimulate the sweat glands, and is the most used treatment with the most satisfactory results.