What are hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are a disease in which the veins that are located in the wall of the anal canal, which cover the anal canal, undergo a process of dilation, that is, they can become inflamed and finally thrombosed.. When the hemorrhoids are dilated there comes a time when they are exteriorized with the act of defecation and then said externalization is already irreversible and the hemorrhoids are already out of the anal canal.
All this brings a series of symptoms that can affect the quality of life of the patient by itching, itching or the sensation of constant humidity and a symptom to which we must pay special attention which is the loss of blood in feces, rectoragia, because this symptom can hide a much bigger problem like colorectal cancer.
What types of hemorrhoids are there?
There are two types of hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids that are located in the upper part of the anal canal and external hemorrhoids that are close to the cutaneous edge. Both can coexist in the same patient.
What is and what is achieved with hemorrhoid surgery?
Hemorrhoid surgery has three objectives. First, remove these dilated varicose packs with the tissue they have over. Second, preserve what is the anatomy of the anal canal to avoid problems or later complications such as narrowness or incontinence. And, finally, favor the incorporation of the patient to his normal life as early as possible.
What postoperative and recovery do you have after surgery?
You have to try to demystify the idea that hemorrhoids surgery is always accompanied by a lot of pain. Obviously it is a very sensitive area but it is also true that nowadays we have some postoperative protocols that minimize the effects of surgery, especially the pain chapter.
In principle you have to wait for a hospitalization period of between 12 and 36 hours and, if the patient follows the instructions given by your surgeon, you can return to your normal life within a period not exceeding three weeks.
What techniques are used in the treatment of hemorrhoids?
In the initial stages of hemorrhoids, conservative treatment should be used, such as dietary reinforcement with fiber, warm baths or analgesic ointments.. When we come to surgery there is a wide range of surgical possibilities ranging from less aggressive techniques such as phototherapy, sclerotherapy or elastic band ligation, to surgical techniques proper within which there are many modalities and are at the discretion of the surgeon who has to practice it.