After the summer, one of the purposes of the people is to start doing sports to recover the figure but, it must be done following a series of guidelines or advice.
If a person is, in general, quite sedentary and has proposed to start playing sports, he should visit a sports doctor, who will perform a physical examination and ask for the necessary tests.. It would also be convenient to perform a blood and urine test, in addition to a resting electrocardiogram (ECG).
It is usual to restart the sport activity with excessive intensity in impact sports such as soccer, running, etc.. However, the readaptation to the sport should be progressive and of soft intensity, starting with some muscular stretches, during the first days .
Those who start exercising without taking precautions can suffer injuries due to muscular overload (tendinitis, muscular sprains, etc.) and joint overload (chondropathies, stress fractures ...) due to excessive intensity and frequency , without leaving periods of sports rest between day and day .
Depending on the patient's profile, one type of exercise or another may be recommended. In the case of young people between 20 and 30 years old and women and men between 30 and 40 years of age, sports such as swimming, cycling or running are recommended. In women and men of 40 and 60 years, it is advisable to combine sports with and without impact. And people over 65 should perform sports without impact, such as yoga, taichi or aquagym.
Exercise and feeding
Sport not only helps to shape the body, toning the muscles of the trunk and extremities, it also reduces the anxiety produced by the sensation of hunger. In cases of overweight, the practice of a sport should be combined with a diet to achieve better results. And always, during sports practice it is very important to drink water or liquids before and during exercise , you should not wait until you are thirsty to drink.
It is not necessary to play sports daily, two or three days a week is enough. In fact, it is advisable to leave a day of rest between sessions .
There is no specific time of the day that is the most appropriate to practice sports, although in young athletes it is advised in the afternoon and, in the case of adults, it is recommended in the morning, before work or at noon, because in this way The batteries are recharged before returning to work.
The best sports equipment
The equipment must be comfortable, breathable and must include good athletic shoes. For this, it is advisable to perform an analysis of the march by a sports podiatrist, before buying the sports shoes. With this we will avoid injuries due to overload in feet, ankles and knees.