Basic guide on menopause

Written by: Dr. Manuel Marcos Fernández
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Menopause is one of the most feared stages by women, due to the problems and changes involved, although well known is that it is inevitable. It is not categorized as disease, although it can lead to some of them, and that is why we must not neglect the health or gynecological reviews regularly.

This stage in the life of every woman is characterized by a loss of reproductive capacity due to a separation of hormone secretion from the Ovarian, which leads to a metabolic changes.

Appearance and types of menopause

The average age at occurrence is located between 45 and 55 years, where early menopause one that occurs before 45 years, and late that occurring after 55. We can distinguish two types of menopauses in relation to its origin. The natural menopause that occurs as a result of depletion of ovarian function, while artificial menopause is one caused by surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy.

Symptoms of menopause

The sudden drop in estrogen in the blood causes a number of symptoms. The most common are hot flashes, irritability or emotional lability, which leads to sadness and tears easily affected women. Other symptoms, but related to the sexual aspect are the decreased libido or skin dryness and mucous membranes, causing discomfort in relations. Joint problems or insomnia are other symptoms to consider, but the most important from the point of view of health are cardiovascular changes. Menopause, figures infarction are equal to those of male

The symptom that most concerns are hot flashes and how to combat them. The solution, a diet rich in soy and perform physical exercise to release endorphins.

False myths of menopause

Have a tendency to gain weight and the possibility of lose sexual appetite are two of the misconceptions more frequent in menopause. The affected does not have to gain weight if you follow a balanced diet and physical exercise practiced regularly. As for sex if it is true the decrease in libido, as a result of vaginal dryness, but do not have to finish the relationship, since you can make treatments for these remain pleasant.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Manuel Marcos Fernández
Obstetrics & Gynecology

Dr. Marcos Fernández is a gynecologist specializing in breast health, with a degree in Medicine and General Surgery from the Autonomous University of Madrid. She has over two decades of experience and is currently responsible for the EGOM Breast Unit. He is an expert in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with breast cancer.

He combines his professional activity with teaching, being a professor of the Licensure of Medicine at the San Pablo Ceu University of Madrid. In addition, he is vice president of the Private Assistance section of the Spanish Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics (SEGO).

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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