The adrenal gland located above the kidney and has an endocrine function, ie produces hormones. These hormones perform various functions such as the regulation of tension and stress, sexual function...
The gland may have different diseases:either due tumor or because their function is altered. The most common are adrenal tumors ( incidentalomas a certain size, tumors that produce an excess of a hormone or adrenal cancer ) and diseases that produce excess hormones, such as hyperaldosteronism, Conn syndrome, adrenal hyperplasia or some Cushing syndrome caused by producing tumors.
When this occurs is when it becomes necessary to evaluate an operation, which involves the partial or complete extirpation of the adrenal gland. There are different ways to approach this procedure from surgery. It can be treated by conventional surgery, where a large abdominal or laparoscopic minimally invasive techniques wound is needed.
Each case must be individualized for choosing the best technique but in the vast majority of cases laparoscopic surgery seems the best option for your little repercussion and quick recovery, since if there are no incidents, the patient may be given high past 24-48 hours.
The risks of intervention such as bleeding or hemorrhage, injury structures near the tumor and risks of the procedure. Today with the increasing experience of surgical teams and the emergence of new approaches laparoscopy, these risks have been able to gradually reduce.