Fibromyalgia is a disease characterized by diffuse or widespread chronic pain predominates in muscles, tendons, bursae and the spine, extending beyond three months and generated high levels of fatigue and sleep disturbances (no sleep). It can also involve other musculoskeletal diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus erythematosus, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, etc.. Fibromyalgia is not degenerative and produces no long-term organ damage, although remission or cure is rare.
Symptoms of Fibromyalgia
Besides widespread pain, fatigue and sleep disturbances different symptoms such as headaches, tingling by limbs, anxiety, dry eyes and mouth (sicca syndrome), gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel with boxes diarrhea alternating with periods may occur constipation, varying degrees of depression, painful menstruation, jaw pain, discomfort when swallowing, difficulty concentrating and memory loss, among others.
Causes of Fibromyalgia
The exact cause is not known, although it is considered to be a multifactorial disease with genetic, environmental factors, etc.. that, united in one point, cause the disease.The most accepted by theoretical causes especalistas in rheumatology are:• Disturbances of the autonomic nervous system that regulates pain and processing.• A number of disorders of neurotransmitters such as substance P (a neuromodulator pain) in cerebrospinal fluid. This increase is associated with sleep disorders and correlates with low levels of tryptophan, a serotonin precursor neurotransmitter.• Genetic factors that predispose to disease.• Sleep disorders, as it is when an increase of certain substances involved in pain regulation occurs.• For muscle microtrauma and tendone s when they perform their daily function, which can cause increased sensitivity to pain due to changes in the nervous system.
Patients can suffer from fibromyalgia
The prevalence of fibromyalgia in the Spanish state is 2.7%, ranking second in rheumatic disease after osteoarthritis. It is more common in women (4.2%) than men (0.2%), or about 8-9 women for every man. The predominant age is between 40 and 49 years. Although it is unusual also they have been reported fibromyalgia in children.
Fibromyalgia treatment with ozone therapy
Treatment of fibromyalgia should always be multidisciplinary, with a series of actions that must be qualified in each case.On one side we subcutaneous ozonoterapia, which is the application of a mixture of ozone with oxygen at a predetermined concentration in paraverbal muscle using a fine needle, with a back massage, to diffuse the gas. And on the other hand, intravenous ozone therapy, which is used in cases of fibromyalgia in which the predominant fatigue. The technique is the removal of about 250 cc of venous blood, as is done for an analysis, to be a container having a closed circuit which, thereafter, ozone and oxygen is added, which is mixed, which is mixed with blood, and reintroduced into the patient by the same route.Subcutaneous ozone acts on the muscles and sore is contracture, contracture oxygenating to decrease pain and. They also have a more general effect on the body, by the action of massage. Intravenous ozonoterapia has a number of properties such as increased flexibility of erythrocyte, increase oxygenation, stimulate immunity own, etc., thereby decreasing fatigue and has beneficial effects on sleep, also improving pain symptoms.As an adjunct to other therapeutic alternatives, ozone therapy has proved very useful. The long - term comparative statistics confirm a better performance and better quality of life in patients who, in addition to pharmacological treatments, psychological, physiotherapy, etc.. They received batches ozone annually.