One of the factors that most concern the patients who will undergo an Assisted Reproduction technique involving donation of gametes is the profile of the donors.
Often, and usually because of a lack of truthful information, patients have an image of donors based on myths and false beliefs that does not correspond to reality.
Between 2012 and 2013, in the Clinic Tambre analyzed the profile of 593 people who offered as gametes donors and drew the following conclusions:
- Gametes donors are very young. False. Donors are accepted from the age of 18 to 35, and the average, according to available data, is 25 years for women and 23 for men.
- The gametes donors are exclusively for the economic compensation. 27% of potential donors say that what motivates them is an interest in helping others to have children, while 38% say that what drives them to do so is a combination of wanting to help and financial compensation; only 17% refer to it only for economic reasons.
- Anyone can be gametes donor. In our center all the people who present themselves as donors are submitted to a medical and psychological evaluation. From there, 25.50% of the applicants are rejected. To this we should add the percentage of subjects who are rejected by medical criteria. The main reasons for rejection after the psychological evaluation are: a risk profile was detected (to mental disorders, abandonment or repentance), history of alcohol or drug abuse, history of psychotic and suicidal disorders, problems with justice, complete ignorance family history, own history related to your mental health.
- Most donors are students. According to our data, 32.50% of the people who were accepted as donors were students, 5.25% were unemployed and the remaining 62.25% were active workers.
In conclusion, it is necessary to have up-to-date and real information on gametes donors to decide whether or not to undergo an Assisted Reproduction technique involving them.
From here, we would also encourage other Assisted Reproduction professionals to share their data and thus help support the decision of potential recipients in real and reliable information, free of prejudice and stereotypes.