Vascular risk factors: prevent and treat them in time

Written by: Dr. Luis Hidalgo Rojas
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of death in the Western world. It is usually manifested as stroke, ischemic heart disease or peripheral arterial disease. These diseases are accentuated by some vascular risk factors that can be prevented and treated early, such as high blood pressure, changes in cholesterol and triglycerides, smoking or diabetes.

Arteriosclerosis: what it is and how it manifests

Atherosclerosis is a hardening of the blood vessels, which are formed plates are called atheromas is. currently the leading cause of death in the Western world. Clinically, the manifestations of disease focus on:- Stroke or stroke (central nervous system)- Ischemic heart disease (cardiac involvement)- Peripheral arterial disease (involvement of the lower limbs and, to a lesser extent, higher)


Prevention and early treatment of vascular risk factors

In these processes, we can make prevention before the disease appears, which is called primary, or after the first episode prevention, to avoid future events (secondary prevention).So much for a type of prevention as for other medical action by the expert in internal medicine is to study and control the so - called vascular risk factors: those situations or conditions contributing to suffer an episode of the above.The classic vascular risk factors are:- High blood pressure; ie have high blood pressure- Dyslipidemia, which are alterations in blood fats, mainly cholesterol, but triglycerides- Smoking and- Diabetes MellitusThere are other so-called emerging risk factors, including C-reactive protein (CRP), homocysteine ​​and lipoprotein (a). When these substances are elevated in blood, appears facilitate early as arteriosclerosis.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Luis Hidalgo Rojas
Internal Medicine

Dr. Hidalgo is a specialist in internal medicine of recognized prestige in the city of Marbella. He graduated in Medicine and Surgery at the University of Cadiz, making the specialty of Internal Medicine at the Reina Sofía Hospital in Córdoba, whose University he made his doctoral thesis. It is the European expert in quality management in the health sector, training program conducted by the Spanish Association for Quality and Master Degree in Cardiovascular Disease accredited by the University of Barcelona. Currently he is a specialist in Internal Medicine at High Care Marbella and the Costa del Sol Hospital, where he chairs the commission of Teaching and is a member of the commission Nutrition. Moreover, he has participated in courses and seminars related to the training of residents and different areas of Internal Medicine, has made multiple communications and publications in journals and has participated in several book chapters.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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