Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of death in the Western world. It is usually manifested as stroke, ischemic heart disease or peripheral arterial disease. These diseases are accentuated by some vascular risk factors that can be prevented and treated early, such as high blood pressure, changes in cholesterol and triglycerides, smoking or diabetes.
Arteriosclerosis: what it is and how it manifests
Atherosclerosis is a hardening of the blood vessels, which are formed plates are called atheromas is. currently the leading cause of death in the Western world. Clinically, the manifestations of disease focus on:- Stroke or stroke (central nervous system)- Ischemic heart disease (cardiac involvement)- Peripheral arterial disease (involvement of the lower limbs and, to a lesser extent, higher)
Prevention and early treatment of vascular risk factors
In these processes, we can make prevention before the disease appears, which is called primary, or after the first episode prevention, to avoid future events (secondary prevention).So much for a type of prevention as for other medical action by the expert in internal medicine is to study and control the so - called vascular risk factors: those situations or conditions contributing to suffer an episode of the above.The classic vascular risk factors are:- High blood pressure; ie have high blood pressure- Dyslipidemia, which are alterations in blood fats, mainly cholesterol, but triglycerides- Smoking and- Diabetes MellitusThere are other so-called emerging risk factors, including C-reactive protein (CRP), homocysteine and lipoprotein (a). When these substances are elevated in blood, appears facilitate early as arteriosclerosis.