Removal of the thyroid gland

Written by: Dr. Joaquín Díaz Domínguez
Published:
Edited by: Top Doctors®

The thyroid is a gland has two lobes joined by an isthmus located in the neck, in front of the trachea, and a discharge that is poured into the blood (for this reason it is called endocrine secretion).

 

Diseases of the thyroid gland

thyroid gland image When the abnormal gland increases production of thyroid hormone reaches all affect metabolism and heart function. It is called hyperthyroidism. All functions of the body can be altered: arterial hypertension, tachycardia, weight loss, exophthalmos (eyes "bulge"), diarrhea, nervousness ...

Otherwise, the decrease or absence of thyroid hormone production, all bodily functions slow down, with a tendency to weight gain. It is called hypothyroidism.

Say the experts in General Surgery , the excessive increase of the gland can cause tracheal compression getting to have the patient feeling of "choking", mainly at night.

 

Removal of the thyroid gland

The removal of the thyroid gland may be partial or complete, and should be performed primarily in four circumstances:

  • When malignancy (cancer) or suspected. In these cases, depending on the type of cancer, it may be necessary to make a lymphadenectomy, ie remove lymph why the tumor spreads.
  • When hyperthyroidism, ie an excess of thyroid hormone production, which can damage heart function. When it is resistant to medical treatment (conservative) should be surgically treated.
  • When growth is so great that cause compression of the trachea, esophagus or foreign body sensation in the throat. In these cases surgery "unzip" neck structures are deflected or compressed by increased thyroid.
  • For aesthetic reasons, when the thyroid is enlarged so that, although not compress the viscera of the neck, it is an aesthetic loss in the patient.
*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Joaquín Díaz Domínguez
Surgery

Dr. Diaz Dominguez is the Head of General and Digestive Surgery Hospital La Paz. He is an expert in Thyroid and Breast Cancer. He is also associate professor of Health Sciences in General and Digestive Surgery at the Autonomous University of Madrid. He is the author of several publications.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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