Enuresis is the escape of intermittent, involuntary urine during sleep, from 5 years of age. Enuresis is not a disease but a symptom and as such, its etiology is multifactorial. It is classified into two types, the monosymptomatic when the escape of nocturnal urine is not associated with diurnal symptoms and the non-monosymptomatic when the nocturnal escape is associated with other diurnal symptoms such as increased urinary frequency or urgency or diurnal incontinence.
A frequent problem
Enuresis is a common pediatric problem. The prevalence varies, in addition to the definition used and decreases with age with spontaneous annual healing. It is more common in boys than girls. It is known that there is a hereditary factor in enuresis.
The prognosis is generally favorable and the cure rate of patients varies depending on the initial cause of diurnal and / or nocturnal enuresis.. Both humidity alarms and pharmacological treatment have a high response rate, although there are cases in which the initial response to treatment takes longer to arrive.
The treatment of enuresis is based on correcting behavior habits that may influence it (sometimes improving dietary habits and water intake can solve the problem), pharmacological treatment (desmopressin, anticholinergic or tricyclic antidepressants) and alarms .