What is the second trimester of a pregnancy?

Written by: Dra. Cristina Torrijo Rodrigo
Edited by: Roser Bernés Ubasos

second trimester pregnancy

What feelings are taken during the second trimester of pregnancy?

The second quarter is considered the best of all pregnancy. It starts with the relief of nausea and vomiting most cases, although it should be noted that not all, and usually arises again absent sexual appetite during the first months. Approximately from weeks 18 to 22 will begin to notice your baby's movements.

The discomfort usually manifests are leg cramps, sometimes even manage to wake the woman overnight.


What happens to the body?

At the end of week 16 the fetus begins to have a human aspect. The face is broad, the legs are very long and shorter arms. The mother will notice their movements perfectly. In addition, the fetus begins to acquire sucking reflex. In her little fingers the fingerprint is formed. The skin is protected by the vérmix, a fatty substance, and the appearance of hair or lanugo. From weeks 21 to 24 of gestation sex can be seen on ultrasound.


Specific controls during pregnancy

Specialist visits Gynecology should be monthly. This will control everything related to the weight of the mother (the increase during pregnancy, provides that the weight of a single fetus is usually between 9 and 13 kg in total), plus blood pressure and by analysis blood and urine, requested before each visit, the general status of women will be evaluated.

During week 20 the most important ultrasound is done from the point of view of diagnosis of congenital malformations.

Between weeks 24 and 28, an analysis is common to all pregnant women to determine blood sugar. This is a baseline measurement and another last hour of eating a specific sugar syrup with 50g glucose. A result with greater than 140mg / dl in the second analysis value may show signs of suffering gestational diabetes. In these cases the practice of a second analysis of 3 hours is advised, during which four blood samples which will be administered 100g sugar other sugary drinks are made.


What are the recommendations to follow?

Gynecologist may indicate some recommendations to the mother in relation to diet if excessive weight gained during pregnancy.

It is important to increase the intake of iron and calcium. It should continue to take folic acid, vitamin B12 and iodine. Do not take alcohol and not abuse coffee, drink only two cups a day.

In this period the dreaded varices may appear, it is recommended to avoid spending too much time standing.

Surely start giving back discomfort. It is recommended not to use excessively high or flat heel and perform certain exercises to strengthen back muscles. The practice of physical exercise should be moderate. Swim, walk and perform some gentle exercises gymnastics are indicated.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dra. Cristina Torrijo Rodrigo
Obstetrics & Gynecology

Dr. Cristina Torrijo PhD in Medicine and Surgery from the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Zaragoza (1985-1991). Specialist in obstetrics and gynecology. Currently she spends consultation Zaragoza and Lleida. She is an expert in childbirth, birth control and laparoscopic surgery. In his clinics, Dr. is usual cases of Gynecology and Obstetrics, but also addresses more specialized issues such as gynecological and breast cancer treatments and multiple assisted reproduction techniques.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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