The term biofeedback is composed of the prefix "bio" meaning life and the word "feedback" which means the body feedback or information about any aspect of its activity.
What is biofeedback?
People do not always know how to interpret the signals your body sends you either are not aware of it. Biofeedback techniques to visualize the altered variables in the body, facilitating tools to achieve self. Mere knowledge of alterations change does not involve a process of learning and training is required.
Application of biofeedback in Psychology
For Psychology Clinic, the use of biofeedback is a very useful tool to preventive and treatment level, allowing control of many variables that can affect our physical and emotional health. These techniques to understand how human beings respond physiologically to stress.
Detect and reduce stress in daily life is of great importance because it produces changes in the body, such as states of anxiety, shortness of breath, insomnia, irritability, lack of concentration, among others. Physiologically, the body responds by increasing breathing, muscle tension, electro dermal response, heart rate and decreasing temperature. The immune system is also affected negatively and with important consequences.
The body "speaks" and we tend to ignore. Communication with it is of great importance to identify small alarms and prevent injury. Through biofeedback, patients learn to know how your body responds to various events to control and modify the altered functions.
To use this technique, it is required, in addition to professional preparation, a team of electromedical that will monitor, measure and display the patient visual or auditory form a physiological signal that is related to the disorder to be treated by placing sensors in various parts of the body. This information along with changes in behavior, thoughts and emotions allow you to modify the altered values and achieve the desired welfare.
Body functions that can be measured and controlled are different. In the Pain Clinic Teknon, there is a high - precision measuring muscle tension (Biofeedback EMG), peripheral vasoconstriction (Biofeedback temperature), electrodermal activity (Biofeedback electrodermal or conductance) and breathing. By placing the sensors corresponding to each signal to be measured, the patient can see on the computer screen graphically how their signals (visual feedback) and can also listen when the signal increases or decreases (auditory feedback).
What disorders can be treated with biofeedback?
Biofeedback is indicated for problems related to stress management, anxiety, insomnia. In the area of pain can be treated include: headaches, pain in the neck (cervical pain), pain in the temporomandibular joint, shoulder pain, back pain, myofascial syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, cancer pain, breathing nonfunctional and fibromyalgia.
How many sessions are needed?
12 sessions is estimated at 9 for the mind-body self is acquired. The duration is guided by criteria of efficiency. Are useful sessions monthly, quarterly and semiannual monitoring to verify the implementation of training in everyday life, progress and efficiency of the intervention.