The vitiligo is a skin disease that causes the appearance of patches of leather in which it loses its color. It affects about 1% of the population and occurs in all races and in both sexes. Although the disorder does not cause serious consequences on physical fitness, which is why there are only specific units in our country, it is a pathology that can affect those who suffer psychologically from a devastating way.
There are different manifestations of the disease, of which the most common is generalized vitiligo. In the clinical analysis are observed spots on the skin the patient of white chalk in various areas of the body, with an unpredictable evolution.
The disorder can appear at any time during the life of the patient and the cause is still unknown. It is believed to be due to multiple elements in a process in which genetic factors, immunological and neurogenic combine. Sometimes also situations stress, sunburn, pregnancy and some pathologies may be the factor that triggers the disease.
Treatment of vitiligo
It is not true that there is no treatment for vitiligo. The European Commission Vitiligo ( Vitiligo European Task Force ) has developed guidelines for the monitoring and treatment of disease based on scientific evidence and expert recommendations of European scope. The main therapeutic options include the use of:
- Topical treatments like steroids and calcineurin inhibitors.
- Phototherapy mainly narrowband UVB or excimer laser.
- Systemic corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive drugs.
- Certain surgical techniques like skin grafting and transplantation melanocytes.
- Other options include using camouflage stains makeup or self tanning psychological therapy or healthy skin depigmentation in very large cases.
Many people with vitiligo are frustrated, and go to the doctor when their disease is not considered more than a cosmetic problem. From our unit we hope to be a source of support for all patients with vitiligo. Protocolized treatments and offer evidence-based, patient agreeing with the strategy that we will still consider your expectations and possible outcomes. We are also attentive to new therapeutic possibilities that may occur in this area.