Vertigo is a balance disorder. The sufferer experiences a rotary movement and illusion have the feeling that your body or your surroundings are moving.
Symptoms of vertigo
Vertigo may be accompanied by dizziness, nausea and vomiting in some cases. The terms vertigo and dizziness confused. Although dizziness can also be accompanied by the above symptoms, usually presents no sensation of spinning, but rather an unstable movement, regarding the walking.
Causes of dizziness
Vertigo can occur at any age and the cause lies in an alteration of the balance organ, a direct or indirect involvement of the vestibular system, located in the inner ear. Vertigo is classified into two types:. The central and peripheral Central vertigo accompanies diseases of the central nervous system. Generally, it comes with a low level of intensity although not continuous and often have hearing problems attachments. Peripheral vertigo, however, it is related to problems of the vestibular system itself and usually has hearing problems, nausea and vomiting. Its intensity is high, sometimes violent and evolves in the form of crisis.
How vertigo diagnosed?
The diagnosis of this disorder requires the completion of a good medical history, a thorough physical examination and an audiological examination. Also radiological examinations (CT, MRI) scans as well as specific organ of balance may be necessary. The most innovative test in this field is the Impulse Test Cephalic Videocomputerizado that enables the recording of vestibular-ocular reflex.
Treatment of vertigo
To treat it is essential to identify the degree of vertigo suffers: acute episodes, chronic recurrent vertigo or dizziness. If it is an acute vertigo, treatment is based on vestibular sedatives, always under the control of Dr.. The expert otolaryngology , based on the results of relevant tests, will establish the definitive diagnosis and the best treatment according to the characteristics presented by the patient, which in some cases to opt for surgical treatment.