The pelvic floor of women is mainly formed by a muscle structure that is responsible for providing support to all the abdominal viscera. In addition, as experts say in Obstetrics and Gynecology pelvic floor is also involved in urinary continence and defecation, sexuality and birth canal.
The levator ani muscle, which is the main muscle that forms the floor of the pelvis, is stretched at the moment of birth to allow passage of the fetus. Being a muscular structure, if not previously been injured significantly, it can be restored with strengthening exercises of the pelvic floor.
The objective of strengthening exercises pelvic floor is also becoming aware of the existence of this muscle structure, muscle hypertrophy get thus gaining in strength and effectiveness. If the pelvic floor rehabilitation not the desired result is achieved, other therapeutic options include surgery.
Pelvic floor: Causes
Pregnancy and childbirth cause a series of changes in the anatomy and function of the pelvic floor, although they are usually reversible, they can sometimes cause injuries affecting the quality of life. These lesions are expressed in different ways such as prolapse or descent of the pelvic structures or fecal incontinence ...
There are other pathologies related to the functionalism of the pelvic organs. For example, overactive bladder, manifested as sudden urge to urinate (urgency) that may be associated with incontinence. This severely limits the quality of life. So with some disorders in defecation or chronic pelvic pain.
The study of pelvic floor disorders is very complex, so it requires a comprehensive assessment to determine the type of treatment in each case. The two-dimensional and three-dimensional ultrasound and urodynamics are two very useful tools to assess the anatomy and function of the pelvic floor.