Ovarian stimulation is the initial process of assisted reproduction treatments. It consists of stimulating the development of the ovarian follicles responsible for the ovarian hormonal production, which are also where the oocyte maturation takes place.
Its process includes the period from the start of the use of ovulation-stimulating drugs until the final maturation of the oocyte with another drug is induced. The duration is very variable, since it depends on the type of technique used and the characteristics of the patient. But what is certain are the controls, echographic and analytical , that are made during this process to determine the dose required at each moment.
In almost 95% of the cycles of both artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization, ovarian stimulation is used. The purpose is to help recruit, and therefore obtain, several oocytes , which increases the chances of gestation in assisted reproduction in a significant way.
Even if administered properly, the treatment can pose a risk to health, especially related to ovarian excess response, sometimes requiring hospital admission. To minimize these risks or possible complications, it must be administered by specialists in assisted reproduction.