When we speak of a polytraumatized child or a serious pediatric trauma, we understand the situation of corporal damage resulting from an accident in which a child is involved and that affects various organs or systems, or even only one, with the magnitude sufficient to endanger his life. Its importance lies in the fact that it is the most frequent cause of death in children over one year of age , it is associated with permanent sequelae and it is a problem that most often affects previously healthy children.
The initial attention of a polytraumatized child implies the existence of a multidisciplinary team formed and trained specifically for the management of simultaneous multiple injuries in the child. It is important to understand that the child has physiological characteristics and responses to aggression different from the adult and that condition the medical performance.
International seminar on child fractures
Health professionals who can deal with cases of polytraumatized children must be in constant training to be able to successfully treat this type of patients. For this reason, at the XVIII International Seminar on Infantile Fractures that was held in Barcelona at the end of this month of October, I gave a lecture on the initial attention and the control of damages in the polytraumatized child.
In the conference I explained the difference in the management of skeletal and spinal injuries when they are accompanied by injuries of other organs or systems and how the initial approach is not the immediate and definitive solution of a specific fracture but the control of damages for save the patient's life
We also address this issue in all the training courses in AITP (Initial Assistance to Pediatric Trauma) that are made in Vall d'Hebron Hospital, in which I participate as a teacher and where the management of this type of patients is taught and they include practices with dolls, surgical workshops with animals and integration practices with simulated children made up as if they had had an accident.