The doctor. Rodríguez Prats is a specialist of the ophthalmological clinic Oftalvist of Alicante. The doctor is an expert in the treatment of glaucoma, among other pathologies. In this article, he develops what this eye disease is, in addition to which is the most effective treatment to fight it.
Each age has its glaucoma. This can be from birth, in which there are many types of glaucoma, the most common being chronic simple glaucoma or chronic open angle, which usually appears at 40 years.
Glaucoma mainly affects the optic nerve and irreversibly, causing irreparable damage. Hence the importance of making preventive controls once a year starting at age 40, and even more so if there is a family history, since the probability of suffering it is inherited.
The disease, except infrequent cases, has a slow and torpid evolution. The symptoms that it causes, unfortunately, are few at the beginning. When these appear, the disease is highly evolved: there is a decrease in the periphery of the visual field, headache or loss of vision , among others.
Glaucoma has no cure. Based on this basis, we can affirm that its treatment is staggered, and depends on the stage in which the disease is found.. Initially, this is done by single drug eye drops or several associations, laser therapy, new radiofrequency treatments and even surgery.
The loss of vision due to glaucoma is irreversible , unlike the loss of vision by cataracts. Poor glaucoma vision is one of the most terrible visual deficiencies we know.
The diagnosis of glaucoma must be personalized in each patient. A glaucoma is not only high intraocular pressure, we have to measure the thickness of the cornea, the state of the optic nerve, the visual field, general diseases that aggravate glaucoma, family history, in addition to making a study of the rest of the eye to get to a correct diagnosis in each patient.