Acne is a chronic inflammation of the pilosebaceous unit of the face and upper trunk. This means that in all areas where there grease glands next to a downy hair, the appearance of red papules, pus bumps and blackheads can occur. It is what is commonly known as“pimples” and“Grains&rdquo ,.
It is the most common disease affecting the skin, and that between 80 and 90% of the human suffering to a greater or lesser degree, accounting for 25 % of visits to the dermatologist. The peak frequency and intensity of acne lesions is between 14 and 16 years of age.
However, lately it is seeing an increase in cases at older ages, especially in women, so it is not uncommon to find female patients with acne at forty years. Sometimes acne is an adolescent that lasts, but sometimes is a late-onset acne.
For the acneappears
Acne occurs by a series of linked events that are linked one another. The first link is formed by the male sex hormones, androgens, which induce excessive production of sebum. Below increased keratin in the hair follicle, which hinders the expulsion of fat and leads to obstruction of the outlet of the gland occurs. In this area of fat, keratin, a bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes is in the best situation to reproduce. To multiply, inflammation appears.
In adult women, most cases are caused by a hormonal factor that sets what is called“androgenization syndrome”. Between 10 and 20% of women are affected by any of the clinical signs of cutaneous androgenization such as excess fat, increased hair or hair fall.
As the acneis
Treatment of acne is on track to address the factors that contribute to its development, ie regulate sebaceous secretion, preventing clogging the follicle and reduce the bacterial population. The amount and intensity of therapeutic measures will be in relation to the severity of acne. Treatment of acne should be started as soon as it appears to prevent both temporarily cause discomfort such as permanent scarring.