Stress, one of the most well-known problems in psychology , is an adaptive process that generates a quick and energetic response to the demands of the situation to which the person faces, increasing their capacity to deal with them through stress hormones (adrenaline and cortisol) that are released in blood.
When a person suffers stress, is activated at the cognitive level (lack of concentration, thoughts of the type "What if I'm late?", Concerns such as "What do I tell my boss if he gets angry with me?" Or anticipations such as " What if I get kicked out of work and can not find another one? How am I going to pay the mortgage? "), At the physiological level (increased heart rate, muscle tension that causes contractions, breathing, excessive sweating, digestive problems, dizziness, etc.) and behavioral level (faster movements, more fluent speech, eating, smoking and / or drinking excessively, avoidance of certain situations for fear of not being able to do them well, etc.).
Causes of stress
The causes of stress are very varied, but the most frequent are: in 66%, the labor problems; followed by family problems, with 50%; health problems, with 31%; important life events, with 29%; financial problems, with 27%; pressure for school performance, 19%; and traffic, with 12%.
How many people suffer stress
84% of Spaniards have felt really stressed at some point in their lives, while 28% of men and 39% of women have felt stressed many times.
Is suffering stress serious for your health?
Stress itself is not harmful, it is not a disease, as long as we know how to handle it. It is clear that a person is able to handle tension in the short term if he later rests and recovers (sleeping well, feeding himself correctly, avoiding excesses, doing sports, relaxing with family and friends or with any leisure activity that we like). However, you will have difficulty in resisting prolonged exposure to intense or difficult-to-control pressure if it is maintained over time and a loss of sense of control is perceived.. When we suffer stress for months and even years, our performance in school or work is reduced, our negative emotions increase (anxiety, sadness, irritability, aggression, frustration, fatigue, etc.) and with them the risk of suffering diseases. When you have negative emotions, you have less tolerance to stressors and the person affects you more in general.