The flat foot is characterized by a decrease in the plantar arch, which is frequently associated with a valgus of the posterior part of the foot (flat foot valgus). It is common in children due to joint laxity, overweight or family history. In most cases it is flexible and non-painful feet that are considered variants of normality.
What does it mean to have flat feet?
Flexible flatfoot is present in most children and in approximately 15% of adults; Only 1% of these become symptomatic. The plantar arch develops with the growth of the child.
The presence of a flexible valgus flat foot does not affect the ability to walk, run or play.
Is it necessary to treat flat feet?
It is widely demonstrated that the flat foot does not require any medical or surgical treatment in most cases. Shoe modifications or insoles are ineffective and can only make the child uncomfortable. It is preferable to use good footwear, with flexible soles, posterior reinforcement and an internal plantar arch.
On the other hand, the child traumatologist will treat cases of rigid, painful or very serious flat feet.
Can flatfoot lead to other pathologies?
Child flatfoot hypermobility context of improvement and growth does not lead to other diseases but it is important to diagnose cases of rigid flat feet that do not improve with growth and limit the function and / or mobility. The child traumatologist will assess those cases of rigid, painful or severe flat feet.