Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDC), better known as hip dysplasia, is a broad term that includes everything from small defects to complete hip dislocations.
The deformity is a acetabulum (hip part with concave located in the pelvis) and verticalized flattened and a femoral head (part of the convex hip) in anteversion and valguism.
The inability that causes hip dysplasia depends on the degree of permanent dislocation suffered by the patient. The more displaced, the larger the patient will suffer lameness and more pain and limb differences (difference in limb length).
Prevalence of hip dysplasia
The incidence of DDC occurs in 0.1% of births, favored in women and breech deliveries. It is a hereditary disease development.
Early essential diagnosis of hip dysplasia
What is essential in this disease is early diagnosis, which involves physical examination by the expert Traumatology in search of instability. This will be complemented with imaging based on ultrasounds from birth and plain radiography after the third month of life.
Treatment of hip dysplasia
Treatment of hip dysplasia vary depending on the degree of dislocation and the time the disease is diagnosed. In this sense, will be used from dislocation orthosis wrapper such as diaper Frejka or Pavlik harness, through associated (or not) cuts surgical until osteotomies (bone cut) pelvic and femoral corrective.
Edited by Patricia Crespo Pujante