Congenital malformations are anomalies of the human body that are present from birth. They occur in few cases but the most common are those that have to do with urologic malformations, such as dilation of the urinary tract.
Detecting a malformation
Prenatal diagnosis is vital to detect any anomaly. The pediatrician or pediatric urologist study possible effects through various tests such as ultrasound, voiding cystography, scintigraphy, diuretic renogram, etc.
Minimally Invasive Surgery
As in other specialties, techniques of pediatric surgery minimally invasive are also imposed in Pediatric Surgery. These allow solve the pathologies with the same reliability, with fewer incisions, less pain and faster recovery. Endourological techniques, for example, use the natural ways of the child to intervene in this case the urinary tract.
Common urologic malformations
- Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is the backward step of urine from the bladder to the kidney. It requires surgical or endoscopic treatment by injection of a substance.
- Early obstructive megaureter is dilated ureter due to a blockage at the end of it. It works only if there are complications or if conservative treatment works.
- Ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Ureteropelvic junction is the most common site of obstruction in the urinary tract. This blockage can be detected at any time of life.