Ocular tumors are proliferations of a certain type of cells. They do not differ from the other tumors of the organism, being able to constitute a local or systemic problem, with risk for the survival of the individual.
There are as many types of tumors as there are types of cells. In the eyeball, the most important ones by frequency and prognostic significance are melanomas, derived from the pigmented cells of the choroids. Also vascular tumors, such as hemangiomas of retinal vessels. Those that occur in childhood, such as retinoblastoma , can be of special importance, which can seriously compromise the function of the balloon and even the life of the patient.
Tumors of the conjunctiva and cornea are generally less severe , but they can also mean local or general involvement. Ocular adnexa tumors, such as lacrimal glands, lacrimal sac, eyelids, etc., are very varied and should be treated by specialists in this area. We can also find metastatic tumors, that is, tumors that originate in other parts of the body from other parts of the body.
Treatment of ocular tumors
In this type of tumors, genetics is of crucial importance, especially in intraocular tumors, with some mutations that may be important for the prognosis and treatment of choice.. The most frequent symptoms are visual disturbances , areas of darkness in the visual field , or loss of visual acuity .
Regarding the treatment for these tumors, its classification, size and location within the globe is important, since in many cases radiotherapy will give us an opportunity to save the organ, as in some melanomas , hemangiomas , etc., and some others can be guide with surgery. Again, depending on the type, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery are the weapons that we have to combine in the management of these tumors.
More on ocular tumors: https://www.topdoctors.es/diccionario-medico/tumores-oculares