From an objective point of view, obesity is excess body fat. A metabolic disease that affects the physical and mental health of those who suffer it, and that affects their quality of life.
First step: change lifestyle
Experts in Nutrition and Dietetics who have spent many years trying obese patients also know what this ailment for them. Obesity is a struggle and a pathology of difficult approach, especially because its solution or control always go through a change of lifestyle. Moreover, this change has to be constant and prolonged in time, in the feed mode and in the quantity and quality of physical activity. This obviously is not exactly easy.
Obesity: origin and causes
The origin of overweight or obesity is multiple, and influence predisposing factors, such as genetic, or triggers. But what is certain is that at some point there is or has been an energy imbalance, during which the patient's body has not been able to consume energy intake. In this period the fat storage, which now know that not only has mechanical and aesthetic consequences occurs, also metabolic.
It is proven that increased body fat, especially abdominal and visceral fat, has severe consequences. Moreover, it is the main risk factor for developing or aggravating conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, musculoskeletal disorders, liver problems, certain cancers, etc.
The figures speak for themselves: 16% of Spanish adults are obese and 35% environment, overweight or some kind of pre-obesity. More than half of the Spanish population has problems related to this disease.
If the main cause or the last factor is lifestyle, treatment should be based on a modification of this. However, the environment surrounding obesogenic patients very difficult treatment.
Diets are not the only solution
The dietary approach is essential, but should not be treated as a mere prescription, but as a learning process. It would be like learning to drive, then power it yourself. There is no single diet plan and infallible. There are people with particular characteristics and circumstances, so professionals must find the best plan for your patient.
During treatment, the patient support must be constant. This should feel understood and heard. It is not easy to change, especially because you have to make an effort to do so, while not supposed to go back. Unlearn long ingrained behaviors it requires patience and perseverance. But it is certainly possible and certainly worth it, just look at what they tell patients they succeed.