And allergic contact dermatitis

Written by: Dr. Manuel Pérez-Estrada Cornejo
Published: | Updated: 27/05/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®

The contact dermatitis or eczema is an inflammatory skin reaction caused by an external agent in contact with skin. In Allergology , we understand four types of dermatitis: allergic, irritative, phototoxic and photoallergic.

Allergic contact dermatitis occurs as a result of a specific skin response to a substance (allergen) to which has previously been sensitized through a mechanism of delayed hypersensitivity type IV. Its appearance occurs in susceptible people, is not predictable, never occurs on the first contact and can affect all the skin.

 

Dermatitis Symptoms and treatment of contact dermatitis

Symptoms vary according to the stage of contact dermatitis be manifested from the redness, edema and small vesicles to the chronic phases, with dry skin, thickened, lichenified, etc.. Frequently, often itchy lesions.

The ideal treatment for contact dermatitis is to avoid friction with the causal agent. To do a proper diagnosis is necessary by a detailed medical history and a patch or patch tests.

Patients who are more prone to suffer are those who express some other skin disease that alters the skin barrier as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, etc.. Depending on the allergen, some professions or hobbies are more likely to suffer such as para-phenylenediamine element in hairdressing, potassium dichromate construction workers, health workers in rubber, nickel sulfate by use of jewelery and so on.

The basis of symptomatic treatment are antihistamines to reduce itching, and sometimes topical corticosteroids and systemic antibiotics in case of superinfection.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Manuel Pérez-Estrada Cornejo
Allergy & Immunology

Prestigious Allergy specialist, Dr. Perez-Estrada Cornejo has a degree in Medicine and Surgery from the University of Malaga in 1987, a specialist in Allergy and Clinical Immunology at the Regional Hospital Carlos Haya in Malaga since 1992. Currently, it belongs to the doctor box Ochoa Marbella Clinic Corner Clinics and Rio de Malaga Clinic. Students from different courses related to their specialty and assistant multitude of national and international congresses. Author of numerous articles published in journals of national and international level, and a member of the leading medical societies of Allergy and the Spanish Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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