DCA or acquired brain damage can be caused by other illnesses, accidents or traumas. We can distinguish between three phases of recovery after treatment: restoration, compensation and replacement.
Acquired Brain Injury ( ACD ) is the result of a sudden injury to the brain. Some of the most frequent causes are:
1. Traumatic brain injuries ( TBI ) occurred as a result of traffic accidents, falls or blows
2. Cerebrovascular accidents ( stroke or stroke )
3. Brain tumors
4. Infectious diseases
5. Cardiorespiratory stops
The consequences or sequels of Acquired Brain Injury are several and can be classified into five groups according to the problems in the level of alertness, in cognition, in emotions and personality, in motor control or in the basic activities of daily life.
Treatment of Acquired Brain Injury
It is demonstrated that the functional recovery of people with brain injury who participate in a specific comprehensive rehabilitation program for people with brain damage is superior to spontaneous recovery or non-specialized treatments. The treatments range from cognitive, emotional, behavioral and psycho-social rehabilitation, speech therapy, physiotherapy and occupational therapy .
Recovery of cognitive abilities
The therapeutic strategy of cognitive deficits such as orientation, attention, memory and learning, visuoperceptive skills, language and communication and executive functions can be grouped into three different levels:
1. Restoration : altered cognitive functions are stimulated and improved by acting directly on them.
2. Compensation : it is assumed that the altered function can not be restored; for that reason it is tried to harness the employment of different alternative mechanisms or preserved abilities.
3. Substitution : the central aspect of the intervention is based on teaching the patient different strategies that help to minimize the problems resulting from cognitive dysfunctions, as is done, for example, when individuals are taught to use different external aids.