During childhood, many children suffer musculoskeletal problems. And is that, being in growth, the bones of minors are very susceptible to suffering traumatic injuries, especially in growing areas. The most serious injuries are fractures, especially of the wrist and elbow. In the case of the newborn, dislocation of the hip must be ruled out, and during the growth, abnormal angulation and rotation problems of the lower extremities. In the older child we find hip problems and in adolescent girls, back problems such as scoliosis. In addition, overweight can favor angular deviations of the lower extremities and cause pain in sensitive areas of growth of heels and knees. Low weight related to anorexia and low calcium intake cause loss of bone mineral mass and, as a consequence, increased risk of fractures.
How should the backpack be?
The excessive weight of the backpacks can favor the appearance of back pain. It is therefore recommended to carry backpacks with the lowest possible weight (less than 10% of body weight), with wide and padded bands, hanging on both shoulders, close to the body and neither too high nor too low. The carts can be an alternative to not support so much load of weight in the column, but present other disadvantages: they are more uncomfortable when going up or down stairs, they produce an asymmetric traction load on the trunk and, in general, they are not so well accepted .
A good treatment, essential
So that these problems do not affect the growth of the child, they must be treated properly: an injury to the growth zone can cause that bone does not grow or does so causing a progressive deviation. For this reason, in the case of fractures, an exquisite alignment and containment of the injured area is essential, although surgical intervention is necessary for this purpose.