It is considered a risk pregnancy that carries a higher probability of complications that can cause illness or mortality to the mother or the baby, before, during or after pregnancy.
Those that appear before pregnancy can be more easily controlled than those that appear during pregnancy because it is on alert and will always be pregnancies followed more closely. An example of complications that can happen in a pregnancy are hypertension, diabetes or altered fetal growth.
Factors Involved in a Risk Pregnancy
Among the most frequent causes that can cause a pregnancy to be considered high risk are four major groups:
- Sociodemographic factors: maternal age (less than 15 or more than 35 years), extreme weight, addictions (such as smoking), non-pregnancy follow-up, occupational risk.
- Medical history: hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease, epilepsy, etc.
- Antecedents of previous pregnancies: repetitive abortions, malformations, premature births, retarded intrauterine growth, etc.
- Disease in current pregnancy: multiple pregnancy, pregnancy hypertension, recurrent urinary tract infections, previous placeta, alterations of amniotic fluid, etc.
Among them, perhaps the most frequent are the maternal age, the diabetes of the pregnancy, the abortions of repetition or the previous diseases of the mother in our environment.
Can risk pregnancies be avoided?
We can not always prevent a pregnancy from becoming a high risk gestation, but we can always try to prevent its complications.
The first measure to be adopted is the prevention of high-risk pregnancies (not always possible); For this it is important to attend a preconception consultation in which the future mother is evaluated in detail to identify potential risk factors.
As this is not always possible, as a second measure, the early identification of a high-risk pregnancy is fundamental , because having a pregnancy of these characteristics will modify its follow-up, making it narrower.
High-risk pregnant women will have stricter and complete control as well as a series of special care. This sometimes leads to specialized maternal-fetal units with neonatal intensive care. A specific protocol will be applied to each patient based on their risks, whose objective is the prevention and early diagnosis of complications.
For more information consult a specialist in Gynecology .