The Spanish Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics drafted in 2010 a minimum control guidelines for normal pregnancy. Here you will find a summary of the most important points.
Consultation and ultrasounds
The correct birth control should be:“early, newspaper, comprehensive and quality”. For this it is necessary that the first consultation is carried out before week 10, and are recommended 7 to 10 visits on average in pregnancy. Every 4 to 6 weeksrecommended until week 36, week to week 40 and from there 2 or 3 a week until the end of the pregnancy.
The first query medical history is made, cytology sample is taken (if the latter is not recent enough ) and investigates potential risks in pregnancy. In subsequent consultations abdomen growth is valued, the evolution of maternal weight, blood pressure is controlled and analytical, which will be minimum three pregnancy are valued.
As for ultrasound examinations, the minimum is a week 12, one in 20 and one to the 34 weeks. Each of these moments, meets to assess different data.
The moments of consultation with the obstetrician for birth control should serve to explain to the woman what are the precautions you need to take. It is the most suitable time of life to establish healthy habits, proper food, and moderate physical activity.
The ideal is to make minimum 5 meals a day, not heavy for not putting more difficult digestions with 5 pieces of fruit or vegetables daily consumption of liquids and abundant. It is important to emphasis the need for consumption of dairy ( between half and one liter of milk daily, best skimmed ), control the intake of saturated fats and oils and, of course, avoid the snuff and alcohol.
Some women have to take special precautions with animal meat. Those having no immunity against Toxoplasma MUST avoid raw meat which has not been frozen at least 24 hours, which includes the cured. Fruit and vegetables should be washed with care, but it is not necessary to use any specific product. And finally the fish, always better frozen 24 hours to avoid possible cases of anisakis.
It is important that pregnant women not forget the flu vaccine vaccination season.
It is important that the obstetrician report to the pregnant what are the things that should worry her and take her to apply urgent attention. To highlight the persistent headaches, vaginal bleeding that does not go away with rest, fever or severe pain in the abdomen. In the third quarter, we must be vigilant if it appears intermittent pain reminiscent of menstruation and if 24 hours have not perceived fetal movements.
Do not forget to be writing down all the doubts that arise between queries and so do not forget any when you see your OB again.