Atopic dermatitis is a chronic eczema characterized by itching sensation and dry skin. Its prevalence rate is 18% in children of both sexes and persists in about 3% in the case of adults.Atopic dermatitis is often related to other diseases such as bronchitis, asthma, allergies to dust mites, grasses, certain animals or headaches, either themselves or family members.Atopic dermatitis is a skin reaction against various allergens. It appears as if an allergy, but not I be in the strict sense. To prevent outbreaks of atopic dermatitis most important is to keep the skin well hydrated and always properly treat injuries that may arise.Atopic dermatitis occurs primarily during the first months of life, remaining until six or seven years in most cases. However, sometimes it can persist into adulthood. In these cases, treatment is more complex.
Symptoms of atopic dermatitis
The main symptoms of atopic dermatitis are intense itching and stinging. Both require the scratching, which together with skin dryness often causes about infection, resulting in very typical lesions secondary to scratching.Particularly it affects large areas of folds and the inner faces of the elbows or areas behind the knees.Sometimes, it can manifest itself in nervous and hyperactive people as a result of huge upset presenting continuously by intense itching.
Treatment for Atopic Dermatitis
Depending on the degree of skin involvement proper treatment is used in each case. However, it is always essential to maintain a high degree of hydration of the skin using moisturizing lotions for the whole body and washed with a very soft gel based bath oils.Also taking oral antihistamine is recommended for extended periods of time and applying antibiotic ointments in areas that may have been infected as a result of scratching or corticosteroid creams.When the patient does not respond to standard treatment, it may be necessary to the administration of immunomodulatory drugs, phototherapy or systemic corticosteroids.In a very high percentage of cases, atopic dermatitis may disappear around 12 years.Only 3% of patients affected continues to manifest itself in adulthood. However, when the disease is associated with asthma or certain allergies, such as dust mites, it can persist for years requiring treatment continuously.
Tips for children with atopic dermatitis
Many parents wonder if they should bathe every day to a child with atopic dermatitis. They also worry what kind of clothing to use or even what foods can worsen the condition.Specialists in Dermatology advise using very mild soaps, oil - based, that contribute to the skin surface is maintained in optimum conditions of moisture and elasticity. When the dryness is severe or very potent buds, cleansing lotions are used without the need to remove water.Regarding the clothes, the ideal is to use basically cottons. Patients with atopic dermatitis often poorly tolerated direct contact with woolens and synthetic fibers. When a child affected by atopic dermatitis complains that itches clothing, avoid forcing him to wear it or try to always put cotton underwear to mitigate the harmful effects of rubbing and itching.As for the influence of meals, there is much discussion about it with controversial opinions. It is believed that some foods such as cow's milk and its derivatives, nuts, bananas and berries can worsen skin lesions, although this depends on the degree of reactivity of each patient.