Meet advances and treatment options for myopia

Written by: Dr. Vicente Ortuño Prados
Published: | Updated: 14/11/2018
Edited by: Patricia Pujante Crespo


Myopia: how it is diagnosed

The diagnosis of myopia is based on an eye examination. When analyzing the visual acuity was observed that the patient does not see the distant optotipos well and that by putting on corrective lenses, vision improves.


Symptoms of myopia

The symptoms of myopia are summarized basically the eye can not clearly see distant objects but those closely.


Can we prevent myopia?

Myopia can not be prevented. However, yes you can make an early diagnosis so that it is fully developed vision. It is important to early exploration of children who are very close to objects.


Diopter increase or not, what does it depend?

The increase or diopter factor not dependent on any particular. Myopia increases with the development of the person to 20-22 years old that is usually stabilize. Currently there are two ongoing studies to try that increase with age myopia or increase slightly. These studies have been applied to a patient, according to paco, and are:- The installation of a few drops to dilate the pupil- The use of special contact lenses


Treatment options for myopia

Myopia can be corrected through various treatment options, the expert in Ophthalmology recommend in each case.1) Glasses or contact lenses until the final developmental age of the person arrives, between 21 and 23 years.2) From that age, and depending on whether the person you want to remove the dependency on glasses or contact lenses, there are different ways of correcting myopia:- Lasik: microkeratome and excimer laser on the corneal surface- Intralasik: Intralase and excimer laser on the corneal surface- PRK: excimer laser on the corneal surface- Phakic Lenses. These include the ICL (preferably) and the iris fixation. It is lenses that are placed in the posterior chamber of the eye (ICL) or in the anterior chamber (iris fixation). They are used in patients who do not meet the criteria for a type of excimer laser by having a thin or irregular cornea, and in those with 8-9 diopters of myopia, as they give a better visual quality than laser excimer.


Edited by Patricia Crespo Pujante

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Vicente Ortuño Prados

Ortuño Dr. Meadows is a renowned ophthalmologist specialist in General Ophthalmology and Refractive Surgery in Vissum since 2001, and Medical Director of the clinic that bears his name: Ophthalmological Clinic Dr. Vicente Ortuño. In this clinical diagnosis and treatment of any ocular pathology with the latest and high-tech advances made. Dr. Ortuño specializes in the management and treatment of dry eye, senile macular degeneration with new lens implant, the presbyopia and nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and cataracts, among other diseases and treatments. Moreover, she has held several conference papers and publications, both internationally and nationally. He is a member of numerous societies.


*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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