Myopia: how it is diagnosed
The diagnosis of myopia is based on an eye examination. When analyzing the visual acuity was observed that the patient does not see the distant optotipos well and that by putting on corrective lenses, vision improves.
Symptoms of myopia
The symptoms of myopia are summarized basically the eye can not clearly see distant objects but those closely.
Can we prevent myopia?
Myopia can not be prevented. However, yes you can make an early diagnosis so that it is fully developed vision. It is important to early exploration of children who are very close to objects.
Diopter increase or not, what does it depend?
The increase or diopter factor not dependent on any particular. Myopia increases with the development of the person to 20-22 years old that is usually stabilize. Currently there are two ongoing studies to try that increase with age myopia or increase slightly. These studies have been applied to a patient, according to paco, and are:- The installation of a few drops to dilate the pupil- The use of special contact lenses
Treatment options for myopia
Myopia can be corrected through various treatment options, the expert in Ophthalmology recommend in each case.1) Glasses or contact lenses until the final developmental age of the person arrives, between 21 and 23 years.2) From that age, and depending on whether the person you want to remove the dependency on glasses or contact lenses, there are different ways of correcting myopia:- Lasik: microkeratome and excimer laser on the corneal surface- Intralasik: Intralase and excimer laser on the corneal surface- PRK: excimer laser on the corneal surface- Phakic Lenses. These include the ICL (preferably) and the iris fixation. It is lenses that are placed in the posterior chamber of the eye (ICL) or in the anterior chamber (iris fixation). They are used in patients who do not meet the criteria for a type of excimer laser by having a thin or irregular cornea, and in those with 8-9 diopters of myopia, as they give a better visual quality than laser excimer.
Edited by Patricia Crespo Pujante