Child orthopedics treats musculoskeletal injuries during growth, provided that they are related to birth trauma. The most common injuries are examples of deformities of the feet, gait disturbances, hip dysplasia or alterations angular legs. Treatment will vary depending on the severity, and may be conservative or surgical.
Children 's orthopedics: what is and what is
Children 's Orthopedics is part of the medical specialty traumatology and orthopedic surgery that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of the locomotor system. The musculoskeletal system consists of the skeleton, joints and muscles and tendons, and may be affected by trauma (of which handles the traumatology) and nontraumatic conditions (addressed by orthopedic surgery).
Orthopedics Child seeks to resolve musculoskeletal injuries unrelated to trauma from birth until the end of growth.
About child injuries Orthopedics
Children's Orthopedic treats injuries as:- Spinal deformities- Deformities of the upper limbs and lower- Deformities produced in the musculoskeletal system as a result of neuromuscular, metabolic diseases, etc.
Also noteworthy, as most common examples:- Deformities of the feet (pes planus or pes cavus)- Gait disturbance (difference in length of lower limbs)- hip dysplasia- Angular changes of the lower limbs (in "x" or "parentheses).In some of the cases referred pain in the affected body parts is associated.
Causes of disorders in children 's orthopedics
The locomotor system in Child Orthopedics can be hereditary, ie, transmitted by parents, or not. They can also be congenital, manifesting itself at birth, or acquired after birth when they appear.
Children Treatments Orthopedics
Pediatric orthopedics treatments may be conservative (applying plaster casts, exercise, physical therapy) or surgical. Its results are usually good, especially when conditions are detected early, before they become serious deformities with growth.