Meet Parkinson's disease

Written by: Dr. Eugenio Lecanda Garamendi
Published: | Updated: 18/05/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Parkinson's disease is caused by a degenerative brain neurological impairment. The area of ​​the brain affected is the midbrain and substantia nigra. The most common symptoms are mild resting tremor, slowness of movement or instability and difficulty in turns on the march.

Parkinson: what it is

Parkinson's disease is a brain degenerative neurological impairment and progressive, whose ultimate cause is unknown. Cerebral involvement is mainly focused on an area of ​​the brainstem called the midbrain, specifically the substantia nigra. The neurons of this brain part produce dopamine, which is a fundamental movements of the whole body neurotransmitter, especially automatic movements. The involvement of the substantia nigra involvement called basal ganglia is added, and then other brain areas.

 

Parkinson 's symptoms

The symptoms of this disease begins in several ways:- Slight tremor of rest in any Member- Slowness of movement- Gait instability- Difficulty in walking turns- Olfactory problems and constipation- depression

 

Causes of Parkinson

Despite the many scientific studies on the disease, we do not know the exact cause. They have been considered toxic genetic or environmental causes, which occur in some cases of Parkinson family, cause chemical. It has been shown in recent years that the disease is much broader than previously thought and the involvement of the nervous system much broader.

 

Diagnosis of Parkinson

The diagnosis of the disease has to become an expert in Neurology. First it will be done by neurological clinical examination, since the symptoms of tremor and slowness of movement or stiffness of limbs, may correspond to other non parquinsonianas pathologies. Also, tests should be performed as Magnetic Resonance Cerebral Neurophysiology tremor or Dat-Scan to assess brain dopaminergic system and blood tests.

 

Treatment for Parkinson 's

Currently there are very effective medical treatments to improve symptoms. The crown jewel in terms of medical treatment is Levo-Dopa, which is converted into dopamine to reach the patient's brain and reverses symptoms. Also, dopaminergic drugs and MAO inhibitors. Also recommended are drugs that can be prescribed in poly therapy modality to more effectively retard or transdermal patches, in some cases. treatments intragastric infusion pumps and treatments are also prescribed.Patients who do not respond to medication or who have disabling side effects can be treated by neurosurgical stimulation techniques or selective neuronal injury centers called cerebral striatum system. Neural transplants that began more than 30 years have not yielded the results, in addition to the important side effects involving expected, which has led to not continue in that line therapy.  New research drugs are in line neuroprotection to slow the progression of the disease.

 

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Eugenio Lecanda Garamendi
Neurology

Specialist in Neurology, the prestigious Dr. Lecanda Garamendi is an expert in the treatment of Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, epilepsy, migraines, stroke and multiple sclerosis, among other conditions. It is optional at the Neurology Hospital International Vithas Medimar, besides being the director and coordinator of the Brain Injury and Dementia superimposed same hospital. He is also a contributor to the Unit of rapid processes Vithas Medimar International Hospital and Chief of Neurology MIR residents of the National Commission of Neurology. He graduated in Medicine and Surgery from the University of Navarra, specializing in Neurology at the University Hospital of Navarra. In addition, he holds a PhD in Medicine and Surgery from the University of Navarra rated Cum Laude, serving as professor of Neurology at the Faculty of Medicine of the UDN. He has collaborated on numerous national and international conferences and lectures on their specialties, in addition to being the author of numerous scientific and popular articles.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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