Meet the most common Diabetes and how to prevent it

Written by: Dra. María Jesús Chinchetru Ranedo
Edited by: Roser Bernés Ubasos

Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 is the most common among the middle - aged population. However, increasingly diagnosed in young patients more closely related to physical inactivity and obesity and poor eating habits. Early diagnosis and treatment of diabetes allow the patient to properly control it.


Types of Diabetes and features

diabetes treatment There are several types of Diabetes Mellitus. The most common is diagnosed in patients from 40 years of age, called Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Unfortunately, this type of diabetes is diagnosed increasingly in younger patients, since it is closely related to obesity and overweight as well as poor eating habits and lack of physical activity.

Other types of diabetes are related to pancreatic surgeries or associated diseases, as well as type 1 diabetes, which from the beginning of the diagnosis begins with insulin treatment, but these are less frequent.


Diagnosis of diabetes

Diabetes is readily diagnosed at an analytical fasting glucose and determining another parameter called HbA1c and, in some cases, by glucose tolerance. This way you can even detect cases of prediabetes, who are patients at great risk to evolve into Diabetes Mellitus, and other associated health risks.


Diabetes Treatment

The main treatment for diabetes is based on adequate nutrition education by the expert in endocrinology or your family doctor and motivation in increasing physical activity, with the intention of achieving weight loss. Medication almost always starts with a type of drug called metformin or other therapeutic groups, under medical indication, depending on the characteristics of each patient and needs to start controlling Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.


Prevention of diabetes

In the entire population can prevent diabetes, provided that appropriate weight is maintained with adherence to a Mediterranean diet, as recently demonstrated the Predimed study, conducted in Spain. Furthermore, the balanced diet should be linked to an active lifestyle and regular physical exercise.


Edited by Roser Berner Ubasos.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dra. María Jesús Chinchetru Ranedo
Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism

Prestigious specialist in endocrinology, Dr. Chinchetru Ranedo a degree in medicine from the University of Navarra and made specialization in Hospital Marqués de Valdecilla of Santander. Throughout his career he has worked as an endocrinologist at the Hospital de Basurto in the area of ​​Alimentary behavior disorder and later at the Hospital of Navarra Hospital Txagorritxu and Vitoria. Now he has his own private practice in Logroño, where he spends consultation with special attention to diabetic patients and obese. Moreover, it is attached physician-San Millan San Pedro Hospital in Logroño with both ambulatory and hospital care in Endocrinology and Nutrition, since 2005.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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