Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 is the most common among the middle - aged population. However, increasingly diagnosed in young patients more closely related to physical inactivity and obesity and poor eating habits. Early diagnosis and treatment of diabetes allow the patient to properly control it.
Types of Diabetes and features
There are several types of Diabetes Mellitus. The most common is diagnosed in patients from 40 years of age, called Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Unfortunately, this type of diabetes is diagnosed increasingly in younger patients, since it is closely related to obesity and overweight as well as poor eating habits and lack of physical activity.
Other types of diabetes are related to pancreatic surgeries or associated diseases, as well as type 1 diabetes, which from the beginning of the diagnosis begins with insulin treatment, but these are less frequent.
Diagnosis of diabetes
Diabetes is readily diagnosed at an analytical fasting glucose and determining another parameter called HbA1c and, in some cases, by glucose tolerance. This way you can even detect cases of prediabetes, who are patients at great risk to evolve into Diabetes Mellitus, and other associated health risks.
The main treatment for diabetes is based on adequate nutrition education by the expert in endocrinology or your family doctor and motivation in increasing physical activity, with the intention of achieving weight loss. Medication almost always starts with a type of drug called metformin or other therapeutic groups, under medical indication, depending on the characteristics of each patient and needs to start controlling Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Prevention of diabetes
In the entire population can prevent diabetes, provided that appropriate weight is maintained with adherence to a Mediterranean diet, as recently demonstrated the Predimed study, conducted in Spain. Furthermore, the balanced diet should be linked to an active lifestyle and regular physical exercise.
Edited by Roser Berner Ubasos.