Autism is a disease sometimes too frequently diagnosed. Also, its frequency is increasingly high; while a few years ago there was talk of an autistic every 150 people, is currently about 1% of the population. In addition, it is a condition that is closely watched by specialists in neurology and Neuropediatría, since early diagnosis, which can be done between 8 and 12 months, allows early treatment with better final prognosis. However, it is still necessary for society to autism learn to integrate into society, to achieve a normalization of the disease.
Autism: What It Is
Although not sure what is the disease itself, most likely known to be due to abnormalities of neurotransmitters problems. This results in synaptic abnormalities (connecting neurons), which affects mainly the emotional and social relationships.
However, in autism forecasts and there are many variants, including:- Autisms high capacity, which only has emotional problems and may even go to college.- Autisms severely affected, with an obvious psychomotor retardation and even come to articulate words.However, although the degree of involvement vary, emotional problems and social level, as well as mobility impairments, can suffer it even autisms high capacity.
Also, depending on whether or not there is visible brain injury, one can speak of primary or secondary autism. When there is an injury can be more or less explain, but when there is primary theories about it, which are not final only.
Causes of Autism
What seems clear is that there is a key genetic component in the development of Autism. Affected patients have, very often, a family history of other neurological diseases. However, although there are many related studies, the results are very different and the final percentages advertised "possible autism."
Diagnosis of Autism
Diagnosis of autism is only clinical. There are several diagnostic levels: from primary care to specialized. However, there still exist biomarkers which direct the clinical diagnosis and only leads to him. Hence the importance of skilled professionals, neurologists, psychologists and psychiatrists are well versed in the problem.
As mentioned above, the genetic component is the most obvious cause of the disease. That is why experts in pediatric neurology responsible for diagnosing this disease hope to have a biological weapon, and it's probably genetics which rapid diagnosis. However, it is not yet well.
All or almost all autisms are involved in other pathologies, such as Attention Deficit Disorder with or without Hyperactivity.Sometimes patients with autism improve with medications to treat this disease.
Importance of integrating autism in society
Autism is a disease which, for its high incidence, we must consider that you should try to integrate into society.Autisms high capacities have fewer or no problems to integrate. However, with severe psychomotor autisms involvement or secondary to other diseases, the whole society should make an effort to integrate them into regular schools; in specific classrooms but coexisting with normal peers. Concienciaría precisely this integration to society about this disease, which a century ago was hidden as if it were something special. It is a condition that must come to light, for society to engage in treatment and acceptance. Unfortunately, in Spain we are still going back on this, and many autonomies have no program for treatment.
Edited by Patricia Crespo Pujante