Cervical conization surgery is surgery to remove a sample of abnormal tissue from the cervix. This surgery Gynaecology is performed in the cervix, which is the bottom of the uterus that opens into the top of the vagina.
Cervical conization is a procedure with double effect; is diagnostic (and which excludes the presence of cancer) and also therapeutic therefore is a preventive treatment of cervical cancer. It is used in moderate and severe dysplasia CIN II and CIN III or cervical cancer at a very early stage in women who want to preserve the ability to have children. These injuries are caused by persistent infection by the human papillomavirus (HPV), especially high-risk strains, acquired through unprotected sex.
Conization means removal cone-shaped outer part of the cervix and an internal part of endocervix. The technique is painless with local, regional or general anesthesia and the procedure used is the handle LEEPS or laser conization.
Risks of cervical conization operation
CIN treatment is successful very often and most women will not have problems, however a small number of patients needed further treatment. It is important to have a regular check with the gynecologist after treatment.
The most common postoperative complication something is bleeding that is controlled by coagulation. If a large cone is made, the cervix can be weakened and must be controlled during pregnancy to prevent preterm birth.
Recovery after cervical conization
This operation requires rest the first week and not play sports for two weeks, avoid soaking in water or use tampons for a month; They should not have internal sex the first four weeks. It is normal little or moderate bleeding for ten days.
Keep in mind the importance of the vaccine Papilloma in these cases, the goal of vaccination in these women is to reduce the risk of new infections and injuries HPV and at the same time acts as a means to curb the activity of the virus present; as they do the reduction of snuff and not using hormonal treatment. All means that we have to increase the general and specific immune defenses against HPV will be well considered and taken into account.
Finally, remember the importance of specialized male with balanoscopia visit with or without performing the test papilloma urethral meatus and condom use until the first six months, provided that tests to detect the virus out negative.