Sleep disorders

How they detect and treat sleep disorders?

Written by: Dra. Teresa Lluch Sebastián
Published: | Updated: 18/08/2018
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Sleep Unit is a multidisciplinary center to detect, with various studies, diseases and sleep disorders. Treatment should be approached from different specialties, according to the diagnosis, to ensure it is effective.

The dream must be understood as a parallel state to wakefulness but different, affected by a variety of disorders, whether respiratory, neurological, cardiac, pediatric ... and should be addressed by different specialties, according to experts in Clinical Neurophysiology. Therefore, a sleep should be a multidisciplinary center that allows, through appropriate clinical and exploratory examination by conducting general and specific analytical and eventually the studies monitoring different variables during sleep, detect many diseases related to sleep.

In our practice we sleep mainly dedicated to the diagnosis of sleep-related diseases using various monitoring techniques, among others, Polysomnography. This technique evaluates various physiologic variables during sleep. Thus, analyzes own brain activity of sleep, breathing, heart rate, oxygen saturation, the position we take, snoring, movement of legs or arms, among others. In addition, during the study recorded with video, something especially important when referring strange behavior overnight.Such studies allow us to detect especially respiratory disorders, periodic leg movements during sleep syndrome or evaluate abnormal behavior.

However, we also diurnal studies to quantify excessive sleeping, such as the Multiple Latency Test, or to assess the ability to keep us awake, with Maintenance Test Vigil. Other studies are studies nap Activation seizures and improve diagnostic sensitivity, CPAP titrations (a machine that provides pressurized air to the patient in case of apnea) or actigraphy (a method that allows a sensor in the nondominant arm, assessing periods of rest and activity), among others.

 

Sleep disorders are detected in a Sleep Unit

Many people might think that a dream Unit devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of trouble sleeping or insomnia, but the reality is that the fundamental problems occur during sleep. If we insomnia aside, the main value is disorder sleep apnea or trouble breathing properly during the night. However, it is not to belittle other neurological disorders such as Syndrome Periodic Movements of legs (SMPP), the Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS), abnormal behaviors nocturnal epilepsy, parasomnias, such as sleepwalking, especially in children or Narcoplepsia, among others.

 

Symptoms that may tell us that we have a sleep disorder

They can be many, considering that there are different types of pathologies. It can be said that the fundamental problem is not feeling rested during the day. Depending on the severity of the problem can be or drowsiness and headaches upon waking. This always is going to guide you may have a sleep disorder that breaks either respiratory or otherwise.

There is a problem I would like to emphasize, for their relevance and ignorance in many people, such as RLS (restless leg syndrome) that manifests with restlessness when trying to sleep and can cause chronic insomnia. This condition can have good response to specific drug treatment.

However, many people flock submitted by the partner who is who reports excessive snoring or breathing pauses during sleep and other abnormal behavior despite not refer to specific symptoms or daytime tiredness

 

Pathologies that most commonly come to a Sleep Unit

Maybe it is snoring or respiratory disorder is causing more worry from the point of view of health but it is very common for people to go for the simple fact of difficulty sleeping and where we can find a wide range of disorders.

 

Treatment of sleep disorders

Treatment should be approached from different specialties, according to the detected problem. A disorder such as sleep apnea may involve specialties like ENT to evaluate the possible surgical approach; also pulmonologists, orthodontists or nutritionists. Our unit is linked with other specialists to address more specific issues.

 

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dra. Teresa Lluch Sebastián
Neurophysiology

Dr., Lluch is an expert in neurophysiology, and directs the Laboratory of Neuro physiology and Dream Murcia (LANFYSUM), a specialized center designed for the diagnosis of various neuromuscular disorders or sleep by performing various tests with the highest technology . Dr. Has been formed in various hospitals, making a stay in Germany and also participating in numerous courses and research, some of which is the author. His brilliant career makes it a first-rate doctor.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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