Retinopathy is the generic name given to any impairment of the retina, either from diabetes (diabetic retinopathy, hypertension, hypertensive retinopathy), Myopia (myopic retinopathy) or prematurity (ROP).
weekly checks fundus are set up in the event that the affected patient is a premature infant in the neonatal unit itself discharge. Once discharged and according to the forecast and development, advertising are scheduled monthly reviews.
Treatment of retinopathy in premature infants
In an adult there are several treatments for retinopathy depending on the cause that originated from antiangiogenic therapy, laser therapy to vitreoretinal surgery.
In the case of retinopathy of prematurity, there is a part of the retina that is not mature or oxygenated by lack of irrigation, that is, because it does not properly blood flow.
That is why, in these cases, the specialist in Ophthalmology aims to prevent this part of the retina develop abnormal vessels, which are prevented by cryocoagulation, laser or vitreoretinal surgery depending on the stage.
Surgery of retinopathy in premature infants
Vitreoretinal surgery the it performed in cases of retinal detachment. The results always depend on stage and control of showing cause, although it should be noted that early treatment improves the prognosis always, getting in most cases a restoration of visual function.
Postoperative this surgery is longer and laborious than the rest of eye surgery, especially if it is a premature infant. Treatment and revisions are longer in time, but depends on the case. Still, it is recommended not always make efforts and rest.