How it is addressed retinopathy in premature infants?

Written by: Dr. Ángel Ñacle Chapero
Edited by: Top Doctors®

Retinopathy is the generic name given to any impairment of the retina, either from diabetes (diabetic retinopathy, hypertension, hypertensive retinopathy), Myopia (myopic retinopathy) or prematurity (ROP).

weekly checks fundus are set up in the event that the affected patient is a premature infant in the neonatal unit itself discharge. Once discharged and according to the forecast and development, advertising are scheduled monthly reviews.

Treatment of retinopathy in premature infants

In an adult there are several treatments for retinopathy depending on the cause that originated from antiangiogenic therapy, laser therapy to vitreoretinal surgery.

In the case of retinopathy of prematurity, there is a part of the retina that is not mature or oxygenated by lack of irrigation, that is, because it does not properly blood flow.

That is why, in these cases, the specialist in Ophthalmology aims to prevent this part of the retina develop abnormal vessels, which are prevented by cryocoagulation, laser or vitreoretinal surgery depending on the stage.


Surgery of retinopathy in premature infants

Vitreoretinal surgery the it performed in cases of retinal detachment. The results always depend on stage and control of showing cause, although it should be noted that early treatment improves the prognosis always, getting in most cases a restoration of visual function.

Postoperative this surgery is longer and laborious than the rest of eye surgery, especially if it is a premature infant. Treatment and revisions are longer in time, but depends on the case. Still, it is recommended not always make efforts and rest.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dr. Ángel Ñacle Chapero

Dr. Angel NACLE is a specialist in ophthalmology and a reference in the treatment of diseases of the retina in Andalusia. His training as a specialist was made in the Ophthalmic Institute of Madrid (1992-1995). The Centre marked a milestone worldwide in the treatment of diseases of the retina, for instance being the first hospital in the world that the expanding gases used in the treatment of retinal detachment, whose use is widespread today. With over 20 years experience, he is currently ophthalmologist at the Institute of Vision Invision in Almeria. During his long career, he has performed more than 2,000 surgeries vitreoretinal and has been a pioneer in Almería in the surgical treatment of retinopathy in premature infants. He has also been associate professor at various symposia and national and international conferences and courses on diseases of the retina.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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