How to protect your eyes in summer

Written by: Dra. María Teresa Iradier
Edited by: Top Doctors®

In summer the risk of eye injury increases, as we increase the time of exposure to sunlight, which in this period is when affecting more perpendicular in our hemisphere, with the consequent increase of light radiation. To protect ourselves, you need to follow a set of guidelines and tips on prevention mode.


Protect eyes from the sun with glasses

eye damage in summer A high percentage of ocular emergencies are caused by accidents that occur during sports activities and carrying out DIY and gardening; They are very frequent visits for eye injuries caused by trauma with squash balls, golf balls, rackets, or foreign bodies such as blades of grass, turnings or toxic products. To avoid this you need to use appropriate protective eyewear.

On the other hand, to prevent dryness and irritation, as well as the appearance of burns on the ocular surface (actinic keratoconjunctivitis) caused by wind and exposure to the sun, you should wear sunglasses with proven quality as well as artificial tears to maintain good eye lubricated.

Keep in mind that recent research has linked excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation cataracts, tumors of the conjunctiva (pterygium, pinguecula ...) and retinal diseases such as macular degeneration or AMD, one of the most common causes of vision loss in our country.


Protect eyes sea water and pools

Seawater and swimming pools is irritating to the eyes and can also be a vehicle for transmission of eye infections. To prevent allergic diseases or infections is necessary to use special glasses.

It is important to monitor further precautions in the case of children, as is common for any discomfort or foreign body sensation, rub hard almost unconsciously. This common practice, and yet so problematic, is the cause of many diseases (styes, bacterial conjunctivitis ...), and it is necessary that soon learn from the best not rub eyes. For any foreign body sensation, it is more hygienic and suitable wash eyes with saline, to drag everything that irritates. If this feeling persists, it is important to see a specialist.


Protect eyes with proper diet

It is scientifically proven that a diet rich in antioxidant vitamins (A, C, E) can prevent the onset of eye diseases. There are vitamin supplements that contain anti-oxidants or non-enzymatic anti-oxidant vitamins, and recommend adding to the usual diet.

For those who wear contact lenses is recommended to use disposable lenses, it prevents the manipulation thereof in cleaning and reduces the risk of contamination of cases, cause infection, sometimes extremely serious. These lenses are also more respectful of the ocular surface, because its composition is mostly water. Finally, report that you should visit the specialist in Ophthalmology at least once a year. In this way we can prevent, detect and treat most eye diseases.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dra. María Teresa Iradier

Specializing in Ophthalmology, is one of the most prestigious Spanish professionals worldwide. His surgical, scientific and teaching career has been awarded the Achievement Award 2013 Award from the American Academy of Ophthalmology, the most important global Oftalmologica Company. It\'s surgeon at Hospital Clinico San Carlos in Madrid, in addition to direct his own center, Oftalmologica Clinic Iradier.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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