Chewing gum in its different forms has existed since antiquity. Already in ancient Greece chewed the sap of the mastic, called "mastiche". Crossing the Atlantic Ocean, the ancient Mayas consumed a sap called "tsiclte". At the time of colonization the habit of New England native Americans, who chewed spruce sap. Today, the basis for producing chewing gum is a mixture of synthetic materials (elastomers, resins and waxes).
Is it good for my mouth to chew gum?
According to specialists in Dentistry , when chewing gum, the flow of saliva that is segregated in the mouth can increase considerably, thus enhancing its beneficial effects.
And it is that the saliva seems like key in the maintenance of the teeth and the buccal mucosa, in the digestion and also in the control of oral infections. Its main functions are to neutralize the acids, to act like lubricant and to contribute calcium, phosphate and fluorine to the tooth.
The reduction of saliva causes changes in oral flora, a fact that increases the possibility of creating for example dental caries
Why is it good to chew gum?
The pH that comes after eating is acidic , which is why increasing saliva production can help neutralize pH, carry bacteria and remineralize tooth enamel. Carrying mineral substances such as phosphate and calcium, saliva helps to strengthen the enamel of the teeth, avoiding the damage and demineralization produced by acids.
Hoyh today, and because of their composition, some chewing gum can enhance the already beneficial natural ability of chewing gum. Thus, they may contain, for example, active agents that improve the ability to remineralize teeth and reduce the occurrence of cavities or help prevent gingivitis and bacterial plaque formation. So, chewing sugar-free gum after eating can help prevent tooth decay. It is recommended that the chewing gum is always sugar-free, since it helps in the appearance of acid-producing bacteria.
Chewing gum should not replace the dental hygiene ritual
Consumption of gum will never be a substitute for oral hygiene methods. Dental brushing should be continued at least twice a day and supplement the cleansing ritual with the use of dental floss and interproximal brushes, if recommended by the dentist.
Generally, its consumption is discouraged in people who have facets of dental wear that are not in accordance with age. It may also cause "overwork" in the chewing muscles, so it will not be indicated in patients with TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint). The consumption is also not suitable for those who follow an orthodontic treatment.