Ischemic heart disease or coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in developed countries. The best way to prevent this disease is to control cardiovascular risk factors such as high cholesterol, diabetes, smoking and high blood pressure.
What is ischemic heart disease?
This disease occurs when cholesterol, calcium and other substances build up in the coronary arteries of the heart. Consequently, these pathways obstructions that occur in angina, myocardial infarction or sudden death occur.
How can you prevent ischemic heart disease?
Effective proven measures include the detection and control of the main cardiovascular risk factors:
• Control Cholesterol
• Control of hypertension
• Avoid snuff
• Control of diabetes, if you suffer
• Avoid a sedentary lifestyle
• Avoid overweight
• Avoid stress
In the first step, the cholesterol contained, it should be remembered that there are several types of cholesterol: total, LDL, triglycerides and HDL or "good cholesterol". Increased cholesterol means a high risk of coronary heart disease. It should conduct an analysis of cholesterol at least once a year, and a diet without fat accompanied by regular exercise in order to control it.
In people without coronary heart disease, LDL cholesterol level recommended is <130 mg / dL, and in patients with angina, previous heart attacks or diabetes is <100 mg / dl.
Ischemic heart disease with diabetes and hypertension
Hypertension it is also one of the major coronary risk factors. In people with coronary heart disease, blood pressure should be below 130 mmHg for systolic (or maximum) and less than 80 mmHg for diastolic (or minimum).
In patients with diabetes, experts in adult Cardiology recommend exercising regularly, strict glucose control, weight and other associated risk factors (hypertension, cholesterol, snuff, etc.), they are patients with a very high risk of developing coronary problems.
Smoking, obesity and sedentary lifestyle, other risk factors
The snuff multiplies the effect of other risk factors for coronary disease. It is also the main modifiable risk factor, so its neglect is mandatory in any patient who has had a previous heart attack or angina.
Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle have proven to be recognized risk factors for cardiovascular mortality. It is advisable to practice at least 30 minutes of exercise at least 3 times a week to get some cardiovascular protection.