- The bracket, which is the piece that adheres to the tooth.
- The arches; there are different materials (steel, nitinol, chromium-cobalt) and thicknesses, and are changed according to the phase of the treatment and the movement that we want to perform.
- Elastics, which are ligatures that attach the bracket to the arch. Often their use is omitted since the brackets have a self-tightening system that makes it necessary to use elastics to attach the bow to the bracket. This system helps us to correct positional anomalies in the teeth.
Types of brackets
There are different types of brackets that have several prescriptions. That is to say, they possess a variable information for the type of movement that we want to realize. The most common prescriptions are: ROTH, MBT, DAMON and TIPEDGE.
According to the materials, there are two types of brackets: aesthetic (porcelain, sapphire, plastic and ceramic) and metallic.
Before performing any orthodontic treatment and selecting a specific prescription, it is necessary for the dental specialist to perform an analysis to diagnose the malocclusion of the patient and to make an adequate treatment plan. Generally, the studies consist of a lateral radiograph of the skull (telerradiography), panoramic, facial photographs and intraoral photographs.