As I explained in a previous article , Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disease that causes the destruction of neurons before the expected time. They are the neurons that make us have memory, to be able to recognize people and things and have a fluid language. Alzheimer's disease appears, generally, in the later ages of life.
Causes of Alzheimer's Disease
The causes of Alzheimer's disease are still unknown, but there is a very important genetic component. If a person has parents or siblings who have Alzheimer's disease, with that first line of kinship, there is an increased risk of Alzheimer's.
That risk is four times more. If the father and mother have Alzheimer's, the risk of suffering from the children is 40 times more than a person who does not have parents with Alzheimer's. This is an important risk factor.
And, other triggers that have been observed are poorly controlled hypertension and diabetes. Both are risk factors for suffering from the disease, because a vascular problem is added.
How to slow down Alzheimer's disease
The process can slow down during the first years. There are specific drugs that are used and that have given very good results, which even makes patients improve during the first year. Then they slow down the process, although beyond the 5 years of evolution it is already debatable.
It is very important for cognitive stimulation to do crossword puzzles, keep the mind active, discuss topics, play chess, read ... The patient with Alzheimer's must work memory-cognition-must keep it active as much as possible.
Interestingly, it has been seen that the most educated people, it is not that they have less Alzheimer's but that, the symptoms become more disabling later, than the people who do not have this cultural level.
A healthy diet
It has not been proven that there are foods that prevent the onset of Alzheimer's, although it has been seen that certain metals, if they are very high, such as aluminum or copper, can at times of toxicity, give symptoms similar to Alzheimer's in certain people, but as such, there is no food that has been proven to prevent the onset of such disease.
Have a good diet, a balanced diet, do not abuse fat, do not abuse salt , help memory. The nuts are very healthy although they are hypercaloric, which must be compensated with the rest of the food. That is, the best advice on eating to keep your memory healthy is to follow a very healthy diet.
You must flee from overmedication. In the case of Vitamin B12, for example, which is very good for the brain and for the nerves, it is preferable to take a ration of mussels with a beer rod than to take a pill.. That way, we're going to get the same vitamin.
In short, we must eat healthy to avoid hypertension and diabetes. Make a lifetime of exercise, which cognitively stimulates the subject and keep the mind active. That is, less television and more books.
Clinical pictures with symptoms similar to Alzheimer's
It is necessary to reassure the patient who lives with the anguish that he believes he has Alzheimer's Disease when he does not have it. The most frequent, especially when they are young people around 50 years of age, is the anxiety picture.
There are pictures of anxiety for the stress of life that we lead and for the vital circumstances, in which a person when he is very nervous, is unable to concentrate on what he is doing, thereby forgetting what he is doing.
If I now have a family problem, I am unemployed, I have economic problems, that is, I have my mind in forty places at once, I will forget what I have talked on the phone because I am not focused, I have not paid attention. This picture of anxiety and anxiety is the most common thing that is confused with Alzheimer's Disease.
When the patient is older, a much deeper neurological analysis must be done because there may be treatable and curable pathologies that can be confused with an Alzheimer's.. And, among them, the most frequent is overmedication. Many medications can cause symptoms similar to Alzheimer's, especially in older people. In addition to other pathologies that, with a neurological performance, the possibility of suffering from Alzheimer's disease would already be ruled out.