How to prepare a woman for childbirth

Written by: Dra. Marlene Arañó Miclín
Published: | Updated: 12/11/2018
Edited by: Anna Raventós Rodríguez

Preparation for childbirth requires the participation of both parents; It is necessary that the two go to the preparatory classes, in which they will receive detailed information and can express their doubts.


These classes are given by the midwife, who has sufficient knowledge for it. Special techniques of relaxation, muscular control and respiratory activity will be taught, which will increase the resilience of the mother and decrease the pain. For his part, the father offers women support and security.


Contractions are necessary for the dilation of the cervix and for expulsion of the baby, while relaxation and breathing help maintain a normal oxygen concentration. Specifically, the mother is taught to use breathing at two different times:


  • During dilatation and expulsion.
  • During contractions, at which time the techniques that have been previously learned are applied, relaxing the abdominal muscles and keeping the diaphragm in a high position.




When the cervix reaches the dilation of 5 cms. You take a deep breath and then the panting doggy calls.


When the dilation is complete (10 cms.) The mother takes a deep breath to lower the diaphragm and then contains the breath to compress the fundus of the uterus; After emptying the lungs pushes contracting the abdominal muscles, completing what we call abdominal press, which ends with the expulsion of the baby.



What a woman should do when water breaks

When a woman breaks water (throws out an abundant amount of fluid she can not control, unlike urine) she should go to the emergency room of the center where she plans to deliver.


The amniotic fluid is white, with a sui generis odor, similar to semen.


If the color is clear it is normal, a compress should be placed in the genital area and observe the amount, in addition to seeing the time at which it happened.


If the color is yellow, green or markedly bloody, you should go to the hospital more urgently.



Complications that may occur during labor

In a birth the following complications may occur

  • Parking Expansion
  • Hypertonia
  • Pelvic cephalic disproportion
  • Fetal suffering
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Uterine rupture, mostly in previous cesareans
  • Premature placental abruption
  • Abundant vaginal bleeding
  • Shoulder dystocia
  • Uterine atony
  • Retention of the placenta
  • Maternal or fetal death



How long does it take a woman to recover after delivery

Women can recover completely from 9 to 12 months, although the uterus reaches normal size at 40 days; Maternal weight, edema and maternal iron reserves are not fully recovered until the year.


For more information, consult your gynecologist .

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

By Dra. Marlene Arañó Miclín
Obstetrics & Gynecology

Dr. Arañó is a renowned gynecologist specializing in puberty, menopause, high-risk pregnancy, complete follow-up of delivery and delivery assistance. He currently works at the EGR Institute, and has collaborated with the United Nations in Mozambique.

She has been a professor of the Polytechnic of Health in the course of Obstetric Nurses, and has carried out different seminars and courses that reinforce her knowledge and experience in her field.

*Translated with Google translator. We apologize for any imperfection

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