When a child has an accident, in the first place, tranquility must be transmitted not only to the child but also to the environment. It is important to do it with both, because if not, we will achieve the irrepressible crying of the child, caused by pain and also by fear. And that can prevent the child from answering the questions we ask him / her.
Secondly, it is necessary to identify what the fall was like and to check, in case of a traumatism of some consideration, the level of consciousness and orientation of the child, as well as their reactions, crying, nausea, etc.. In addition, the injured body area and its appearance must be identified. If there is bleeding or not, and if there is, the intensity of it and its origin. In this way, the severity of the injury can be determined .
Children do not always complain of pain and are not always able to locate it, so we should be much more meticulous than with an adult. It is necessary to observe if there are deformities in the extremities, which will make us suspect the existence of fractures. Or, if there is an inability to actively or passively mobilize any articulation. You should also look if there are bruises, wounds or erosions somewhere in the body that would indicate that there may be some injury.
The most frequent fractures in children up to 17 years are those that affect the humerus (32%) and, of these, in turn the so-called supracondylar fractures that are located in the part of the humerus that affects the elbow joint. 28% of cases are fractures of the forearm that affect the part of the radius, especially the wrist joint.