Refractive surgery is one whose mission is to eliminate refractive error, ie, remove the corrective lenses that the patient has always been to have a good vision.
Indications and contraindications for refractive surgery
From age 18, every patient user corrective lenses (glasses and contact lenses) may be a good candidate for refractive surgery. Moreover, this surgery is not recommended for children under 18 years (with one exception), since it has not yet completed its visual development. those patients with severe ocular pathologies or with significant vision loss is not recommended.
What is refractive surgery
The specialist medical Ophthalmology can perform the operation using different techniques depending on the age and condition of the patient. The three main techniques are:
- Excimer laser application: with different techniques femtolaser, modified or Lasik surface ablation.
- Phakic lenses: those patients not candidates for laser surgery is recommended.
- Surgery Presbyopia with multifocal intraocular lens implantation: is recommended for patients aged 50 years with trouble near vision.
The operation is performed under topical anesthesia (in the surface of the eye) casting special drops and lasts up to 15 minutes.
Postoperative refractive surgery
After surgery, the patient must put a few drops for a week. After 24 hours after surgery, the patient may already be incorporated into their work (as long as it is in clean environments) and, indeed, the results can already be seen, although the final result is set after a month.